Over the past 40 years, researchers have examined various non-drug approaches to the treatment of epilepsy. Neurofeedback is an approach that has been proven efficient in reducing seizure frequency. Our experience in treating children and adolescents with epilepsy shows that QEEG guided amplitude training enables one to reach total elimination of seizure activity in a relatively short time (3-5 months of training). In addition, our patients’ EEG, which before treatment included numerous appearances of spike & wave complexes, was sampled again towards the end of treatment and was found to be normal (with no spikes and discharges).
This article presents two cases of epilepsy patients who were treated with QEEG guided neurofeedback at our clinic. Both of them experienced total cessation of seizures at an early stage in the treatment and displayed substantial behavioral and cognitive improvement during the course of treatment. Both patients displayed a normal EEG at the end of the treatment.
The cases described in this article lend support to the assumption that neurofeedback treatments enable the EEG-normalization and total seizure control of epilepsy patients who do not respond (or only partially respond) to anti-convulsant medicines. Many of these patients do not have an epileptic focus, and therefore are not considered suitable candidates for neurosurgery. Other alternatives are expensive and have low efficiency. These results lend support to the idea that tailoring the neurofeedback treatment protocol specifically to each individual patient by doing QEEG tests improves treatment quality and precision in a way which enables the achievement of full control over seizures and full EEG-normalization.